• Foundationalism is that all knowledge or justified belief rest ultimately on a foundation of
    noninferential knowledge or justified belief.
    A little reflection suggests that the vast majority of the propositions we know or justifiably
    believe have that status only because we know or justifiably believe other propositions.
    Foundationalism is the position that there are certain beliefs which cannot be proven false and
    cannot be justified or cannot be justified without employing the very belief itself resulting in
    either circular reasoning or infinite regress, and are not reducible to a more basic belief. These
    properly basic beliefs are assumed to be true and are the foundational beliefs in which all other
    beliefs emerge.
    A belief is what we find rational to be true or that which we have a commitment to act as if it
    were true.
    There are quite a few of these properly basic beliefs I have listed below some of the most
    common and universal properly basic beliefs.
    I want to know what your thoughts on beliefs that are found to be basic to hold to be considered
    as a rational agent but are not themselves justifiable.
    I want to see what other properly basic beliefs can you come up with that can not be reduced to
    one of the beliefs listed below.
    Universally Held Properly Basic Beliefs:
    The existence of a mind independent world or that an objective external world exists.
    The validity preserving characterization of formal logical Deduction.
  • The reliably of inductions from experiences or That the future tends to resemble the past in
    general aspects.
    Causation: some events or actions bring about other events or actions.
    Acceptance of the Notion of Truth and Falsity or that one must employ a notion of truth to
    determine if something is true.
    The existence of other minds/ other minds exist outside of your own who are having subjective
    The Reliability of perception/That we interpret sensory data reliably most of the time.
    The Reliability of Memories/ That we recall the past generally accurately.
    The concept of self as an independent agent.
    ” 1) They are all unstated assumptions (though one can become or be made aware of them). You
    were never taught to trust your senses, to rely on your memory, look for causes, think of yourself
    as a self, or apply induction, etc.
    2)They are all universally-held. Good luck finding anyone who or any culture which don’t make
    these assumptions.
    3) They are an ingredient to rationality and reasonableness to such a degree that their denial
    manifests itself as obvious irrationality and even madness. Try to imagine a person who lived as
    if his sense weren’t reliable, who never assumed that something was an effect of some other
    thing, who invariably violated basic norms of deduction (such as believing manifest
    contradictions, not just failing to recognize contradictions), etc. Such a person would seem daft,
  • if not utterly incomprehensible and we’d l of ikely institutionalize the person for his or her own
    4) They cannot be defended except on pain circularity.
    And so, they are
    5) Irrevisable (not to be confused with indubitable, or inerrant). We have no grounds for
    rejecting them because we’d have to employ them in the very act of reasoning about why
    rejecting them. It’s not that we couldn’t be mistaken about the, but grounds for rejecting them are
    lacking, except on pain of circularity.
    They constitute, in other words, the very basis by (from) which we can reason and arrive at the
    rest of our beliefs. This sets them apart.”
    – Ozymandias Ramses II